Marcel Breuer was influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and Walter Gropius. One project that exemplifies this is the B3 type sofa. The chair’s proportions are tall with a lightness because of its cantilever form that makes it easy for people to get up from it.
The design principle of the B3-type armchair is one of “democratic” elegance, translating Walter Gropius’ principle for architectural democracy applied to furniture. The chair not only works well with other pieces in the room due its sensible pattern but can also be adapted as an individual member within a group. It has graceful proportions designed to make place comfortable and accessible across all social classes since democratic structures.
Breuer’s deep understanding of the properties of materials – including wood, steel, and ivory – led him to create ground-breaking modernist furnishings that influenced designers for decades. A prime example are his iconic chairs. The Marcel Breuer Chair transcended design boundaries by blending sleek sculptural qualities with functional seating solutions.
Marcel Breuer is best understood within several contexts. As a politically motivated European Jew exiled through Hitlerism, he formed an understanding of progressive radical constructional possibilities at odds with the era’s architecture in the United States.